A drought is an alarming natural event which occurs due to irregular or below-average rainfall in certain areas causing water shortages, decreases in produce production and contributing to rising inflation (Anon., n.d.). Drought in South Africa has become an alarming concern for every South African as the water shortage keeps increasing.
|Africa Check Sorting fact from fiction: Frequently asked questions about South Africa’s drought||News24: Hundreds brave the rain to hear Zuma address drought imbizo in KZN||Twitter: Trouble in SA’s farming sector as drought bites business #Drought|
|According to professor Mathieu Rouault there are two factors contributing to drought (Mojapelo, 2016). The first being El Niño which is the rise of oceanic temperatures in the South Pacific (Mojapelo, 2016). The increasing temperatures leads to reduced rainfall in Southern Africa (Mojapelo, 2016). Global warming is another contributing factor in the increased changes of weather patterns (Mojapelo, 2016).||The droughts in KwaZulu-Natal has become a cornering factor for the people living in the uThungulu district (Khoza, 2016). A water delivery service is in place to aid the people of uThungulu until the crisis is resolved. President Jacob Zuma also started a drought relieve program to help those severely affected by the droughts (Khoza, 2016).||Pravin Gordhan Finance Minister of South Africa commented that there will be a R15 billion drought relief budget in place to assist with drought stricken districts. Questioning this program is the senior economist at AgriSA, Thabi Nkosi who argued that the program was incomplete and required more detail in order for the programme to be efficient (Dardagan, 2016).|
|The drought in South Africa reached a crucial point especially in the areas of: Mpumalanga, Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, North West and the Free State (Mojapelo, 2016). The lack of rainfall contributes to inflation and reducing of crops (Mojapelo, 2016).||uThungulu is one of the most severely affected areas in KwaZulu-Natal and the inhabitants are faced with a serious problem of water shortage and a decrease in livestock as result of this phenomena.||The droughts experienced recently in Durban has led to a decline in production on South African farms. The drought also contributed to South Africa’s agricultural production figures to fall by 8.4% (Blaine, 2013).|
|Global warming is a pressing issue all over the world (Mojapelo, 2016). Global warming is also the leading cause for the change in weather patterns which contributes to lack of rainfall and subsequently drought (Mojapelo, 2016). If everyone participates in reducing their carbon footprints we can slow down the effects caused by global warming (Mojapelo, 2016). This solution is commendable due to the fact that if everyone reduces their carbon footprint by even a little it will have a big impact on the minimization of global warming (Mojapelo, 2016).||A water delivery service can be implemented to aid those affected by the water shortage and supply the inhabitants with water when needed (Khoza, 2016). A drought relief programme can be used to minimalize the effects of drought and make arrangements to alleviate consequences in future occurrences of drought. A drought relief programme is not the only solution because of all the affects it will have on people such as higher tax rates and inflation. The improvement of a water delivery system can be a solution if districts not affected by the shortage are willing to support the government in efforts or projects of supplying water to those in need.||A R15 billion budget for a drought relief programme is in place in order to minimalize the effects of droughts and the consequences thereof. This solution is not feasible due to the fact that the money needed for the budget would have to come from the people who mean a raise in taxes and price increases. The drought budget is also incomplete and lacks the necessary details needed to approve such a plan (Dardagan, 2016).|
|If people started to recycle their waste and reduce the amount of pollution caused by illegal dumping, factory smoke, power stations, littering, exhaust gasses and many more the effects of global warming could be reduced. This will lead to less climate changes and in turn lead to less droughts.||A drought relief programme could research ways to help lessen the negative effects droughts have on people and farms (Khoza, 2016). Drought relief programmes could be used to generate solutions needed to ensure future occurrences are dealt with adequately and provide ways in which people affected by this issue could be helped. If people from other districts and their local governments work together to supply and save water and assisting the people in areas where drought is a regular issue. An efficient and pro-active water delivery system would be effective in the fight against drought.||If a detailed budget relief programme was implemented areas in danger of droughts could be more prepared and more capable of handling this matter (Dardagan, 2016). By being more prepared issues regarding droughts could be addressed and by doing so minimalizing the consequence drought has on certain areas (Dardagan, 2016).|
The African Check: Frequently asked questions about drought article’s theories about the causes of drought goes hand in hand with the Great Acceleration theory (Holm, 2015). The Great Acceleration theory refers to the “human technologies, powers and consumption in [of] the last 70 years that has operated as a key driver of Global Change (Mojapelo, 2016).
As agreed upon by the world leaders at the Paris Climate Change Conference in 2015 there are many factors that contributes to climate change just as professor Mathieu Rouault suggested that climate change occurs because of two key issues namely global warming and El Niño (Holm, 2015). In this article the main drivers of change is to reduce the effects of global warming. New technologies has had both negative and positive impacts on global warming (Mojapelo, 2016). While some new technologies are designed to help lessen the amount of energy, smoke, gasses and other issues portraying to the causes of global warming, some new technologies contribute to the acceleration of global warming.
Powers and consumption has increased and in order to keep up with the new consumption rate more factories needed to be built and more products needed to be produce. This had a negative impact on global warming due to the fact that more factory smoke, gasses and waste was being produced increasing the impact we have on global warming and its severity (Mojapelo, 2016).
The solution to minimize global warming effects supports the “new human condition” in taking action to help prevent future occurrences and help eliminate current problems. The proposal to all South Africans to stand together and help prevent global warming was a fast success not only amongst the communities, but also amongst the business sectors. South African businesses had the second highest response rate globally on the JSE for their emission reports (Blaine, 2013). Companies such as Vodacom, Pick ŉ Pay, Woolworths and many more are all joining the fight against global warming.
The only way to help minimize and prevent global warming is for each individual to do their part and help solve this ongoing issue. Extensive research and public participation are two key components to help neutralise the effects of global warming. Not only should the research be detailed and planned out it should also be able to be put into practical use (Holm, 2015). The solution of reducing emissions and our carbon footprint can easily be achieved if each individual participated in the process of minimalizing global warming. Although humans are fairly set in their ways and will want to change the way they are living very few actually make that change (Holm, 2015).
In the article “Hundreds brave the rain to hear Zuma address drought imbizo in KZN” the district of uThungulu is just one of the many districts to suffer at the hands of water shortage and drought. The “Great Acceleration” may not have had such a large impact on the crisis as in other places, but due to the climate changes cause by external factors KwaZulu-Natal and the district of uThungulu are more likely to be affected than others (Khoza, 2016). Even though the “Great Acceleration” is a worldwide occurrence that has been in use for centuries it functions at different degrees and is used in different contexts around the world (Holm, 2015).
The “new human condition” in this article was to take action and face the problem head on. President Jacob Zuma came to the aid of the people of KZN and a plan was implemented for a drought relief programme and a water delivery system to be put into place to ensure that the people of KZN and other drought stricken areas have access to water (Khoza, 2016). Even though we as humans created the problem by allowing global warming to get out of hand we are facing the consequences of our mistakes and we are trying to rectify them by implementing programmes such as the water delivery systems (Holm, 2015).
The solution for a water delivery system will engage and need the support and help of the business sectors to be able to implement the solution. Many businesses such as Woolworths, ABSA, Pick ŉ Pay and more will get behind the plan to support those in need during times of drought, because drought does not affect only one person it affects our country as a whole (Khoza, 2016).
When a drought commences it is the job of every individual in the communities as well as the government to participate in the solution to support and aid those affected by droughts. The solution to begin a drought relief programme is not only practical, but can be implemented and fulfilled by the public and its government. The solution to begin a water delivery system will be harder to enforce due to the fact that the water shortage would simply be moved from one area to the next. If the water taken from one are is overused that water source will become limited and resources would start to dry up.
In the article “Trouble in SA’s farming sector as drought bites business #Drought” the “Great Acceleration” of consumption is one of the leading causes of drought (Dardagan, 2016). New products are being produced daily and more and more products are demanded in larger quantities which has a bigger outcome on global warming which increases the chances of drought.
The “new human condition” to take action is shown by the implementation of a drought relief budget programme which will not only aid those in need, but will help to minimalize future effects of drought (Dardagan, 2016). The drought relief programme could use humanities to study the acceleration process by using research to determine the capability of people to use other resources less harmful to the environment lessening the effects of global warming (Holm, 2015). The new solution will engage with the business sector in terms of inflation, prices would have to rise in order to obtain the capital needed to fund the relief programme. Any food store such as Pick ŉ Pay, Spar, Checkers and many restaurants would all have to raise the prices of food and other necessities in order to raise the money needed (Dardagan, 2016).
The public will have to work harmoniously with the government to help ensure the funds for the drought relief programme (Dardagan, 2016). This solution would be hard seeing that people not necessarily affected by the drought would have to pay the increasing inflation in order to help the government with this problem.
Drought is and will continue to be a serious problem not just for South Africans, but the whole world in general will suffer at the hands of this issue if the necessary arrangements, plans and solutions are not implemented to overcome this issue.
Anon., n.d. National Drought Mitigation Center. [Online]
[Accessed 4 April 2016].
Blaine, S., 2013. BusinessDay BDlive. [Online]
Available at: http://www.bdlive.co.za/business/2013/11/29/south-african-companies-taking-climate-change-seriously
[Accessed 4 April 2016].
Dardagan, C., 2016. IOL. [Online]
Available at: http://mini.iol.co.za/business/news/trouble-in-sa-s-farming-sector-as-drought-bites-1992176
[Accessed 4 April 2016].
Holm, P., 2015. Humanities for the Environment. A manifesto for research and action., Volume 4, pp. 977-992.
Khoza, A., 2016. News24. [Online]
Available at: http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/hundreds-brave-the-rain-to-hear-zuma-address-drought-imbizo-in-kzn-20160403
[Accessed 4 April 2016].
Mojapelo, L., 2016. Africa Check Sorting fact from fiction. [Online]
Available at: https://africacheck.org/2016/02/03/frequently-asked-questions-about-south-africas-drought/
[Accessed 4 April 2016].